Role of machine learning in data science

The term “machine learning” has become more prevalent in recent years. Unbelievably, Machine Learning has existed for a very long time without you even being aware. How does YouTube choose the following video to recommend to you? It examines the videos you are watching, the station they are from, their length, and the subjects they are about. 

Therefore, YouTube “learns” from the videos you view and proposes similar ones to you based on that. You have been witnessing examples of Machine learning in action for years, and this is how it functions.

Machine Learning is one of an extensive range of domains covered by data science, as you are aware. To analyze data and derive relevant insights, data scientists use a variety of fields and techniques, including statistics and artificial intelligence.

In this article, we will discuss machine-learning applications, machine-learning processes, data science algorithms, how to learn machine learning and the process of machine learning.

To become a Data Scientist, you can join a Data Science Course In Chennai and learn core concepts of data science algorithms, machine learning applications, Machine Learning, Deep Learning,  and Artificial Neural Networks. 

What is Data Science?

Data science combines math and statistics with specific programming, advanced analytics, artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, and specialist subject matter expertise to find valuable information hidden in an organization’s data. Making decisions and developing a strategy can be aided by these insights.

Data science is one of the fastest-growing fields in any business due to the increasing volume of data sources and data that result from them. Therefore, it is not surprising that data science was named the best-looking job, and organizations rely on them more and more to analyze data and offer helpful guidance for enhancing business outcomes.

Analysts can obtain valuable insights by using a variety of roles, tools, and processes throughout the data science lifecycle.

To have a comprehensive understanding of ML, you can join a Machine Learning  Course in Chennai and learn the importance of machine learning, features of machine learning, uses of machine learning and how does machine learning works.

Why is Data Science so important?

Data science aims to use data as effectively as feasible for your business. There are various ways that the impact can manifest itself. It could take the form of YouTube video suggestions or viewing trends from the audience that Netflix mines to create original programming. You now need to create intricate models, write code, and use data visualization tools to do those tasks.

Importance of Data Science

At no other time has the volume of data been as vast as it is now. Similar to this, data complexity likewise grows over time. To make predictions and draw conclusions, a data scientist today must work with several different data formats simultaneously. 

The demand for such strategies, methods, or tools that assist Data Science, Data Analysts in more rapidly and efficiently analyzing was prompted by the expanding complexity and volume of data.

What is Machine Learning?

A data-driven strategy can be used to train machines. In general, machine learning is a component of artificial intelligence if artificial intelligence is seen as the main umbrella. 

Without human assistance, machines or computers may learn from data independently due to a set of algorithms called “machine learning.”

Machine learning is based on the principle that you can instruct and train machines by giving them data and specifying features. Computers study, develop, change, and improve independently without explicit programming when provided with new, pertinent data.

Machine learning is a relatively limited field without data. The Machine observes the dataset, spots patterns in it, automatically picks up on patterns from behaviour and predicts outcomes.

Join Machine Learning Course in Bangalore and learn machine learning applications, machine learning process, uses of machine learning, Linear Classification and many other core concepts of ML. 

What are the Applications of Machine Learning in Data Science?

Listed below are some of the most popular applications of Machine Learning in Data Science:

  • Real-Time Navigation: One of the most frequently used apps is Google Maps. Nevertheless, have you ever questioned why you are travelling the fastest route despite being in the usual traffic? It is due to the data collected from users of this service and the Historical Traffic Data database. Every person who makes use of this service helps to increase the application’s accuracy. When you launch the application, it transmits data back to Google, giving details on the route you took and the traffic conditions at any given hour.
  • Google now has access to a vast collection of traffic data due to the information provided by many users who use the app frequently. This data allows Google Maps to follow traffic in real-time and forecast future events if you stick to the same route.
  • Image Recognition: One of the most popular uses of machine learning in data science is image recognition. Image recognition is used to identify things like people, places, and objects. The most common uses for this application include Facebook’s automatic friend tagging suggestions and face recognition on smartphones, among others.
  • Product Recommendation: eCommerce and media companies like Amazon, Netflix, Hotstar, etc., heavily rely on products online. They employ various Machine Learning algorithms on the information they have about you to suggest goods and services you might find interesting.
  • Speech Recognition: Transcribing spoken words into text is speech recognition. This content may consist of letters, numbers, sentences, syllables, or even characters. Siri, Google Assistant, and YouTube Closed Captioning are the best examples.

What are the Challenges of Machine Learning in Data Science?

Lack of Training Data

Data is the foundation of any machine learning model. But obtaining labelled data is incredibly expensive and complex. Every Data Scientist risks building a Machine Learning model without sufficient data. Transfer Learning is one approach to resolving this problem. It helps the Model to apply its understanding of previously learnt tasks to new, closely related ones. Another approach to resolving this issue is self-supervised learning. It presents a tremendous potential for better using vast amounts of unlabeled data.

Discrepancies between Data

The second challenge typically arises from discrepancies between the training and production data. When a model works well in your test environment, it fails in practical applications.

For example, the Model can be successful in one nation but fall short in another due to geographic differences. Due to seasonal changes, the Model might be effective in winter but not in summer. Due to user differences, for example, the Model may succeed on mobile but fail on desktop. To tackle this difficulty, extreme caution must be taken when gathering training data. To bring your Model as close as feasible to your desired domain, you must upgrade it periodically.

Model Scalability

One of the biggest problems businesses face is this. Make sure your Model can be both quick and simple as a data scientist. Post-Training Quantization is a potential remedy for this issue. Its conversion method minimizes the Model’s size while enhancing CPU and hardware accelerator latency, with a slight loss in model accuracy.

What is the Role of Machine Learning in Data Science?

All other facets of data science, including data analytics, ETL, and business intelligence, have been overshadowed by the industry’s machine learning and artificial intelligence.

Large amounts of data are automatically analyzed by machine learning. In general, machine learning automates the process of data analysis and makes real-time predictions based on data without the need for human interaction. 

To make predictions in real time, a data model is automatically created and trained. 

In this stage of the data science lifecycle, machine learning algorithms are used.

The typical flow for Machine Learning starts from you feeding the data to be analyzed, then you define the specific features of your Model, and a Data Model is built accordingly. 

The Data Model is then Trained using the Training dataset that was fed initially. Once the Model is Trained, the Machine Learning Algorithm is ready to make a prediction the next time you upload a new dataset.

To have a comprehensive knowledge of AI processes, you can join an Artificial Course in Bangalore and understand Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Natural Language Processing (NLP) and How Python is connected to Machine Learning.

5 Major Steps of Machine Learning in the Data Science Lifecycle

Data Collection: Data collection is the first step in machine learning. Getting accurate and pertinent data is crucial because its quantity and quality directly affect how well your machine-learning Model performs. This dataset is also used for training your data model, as the previous section covers.

Data Preparation: Data cleaning is the first step in the data preparation process. This is a crucial step in getting the data suitable for analysis. Data preparation ensures that there are accurate data points in the dataset. Additionally, the data must be standardized into a single format. It is divided into two parts: the dataset can be utilized to train your data model and assess the effectiveness of the trained Model.

Training the Model: The process of “learning” begins here. The output value is predicted using the Training dataset. This output is bound to deviate from the required value in the initial iteration. But a “Machine” gets better with use. After making certain tweaks to the initialization, the step is repeated once more. The training data is utilized to raise your Model’s prediction precision gradually.

Model Evaluation: It’s time to assess your Model’s performance once you’ve finished training it. The dataset reserved during the data preparation step is used in the evaluation procedure. This information has never been used to train the Model. Therefore, testing your data model against a new dataset will give you an indication of how it will perform in practical situations.

Prediction: Your model needs to be perfect and prepared for deployment because it has been trained and tested. By adjusting the settings, the Model is further enhanced. The process of machine learning ends with prediction. This is the stage where your data model is implemented, and the Machine starts using what it has learned to respond to your queries. Now that you have a general understanding of the machine learning workflow let’s talk about the different machine learning algorithms used in data science.

To have a comprehensive understanding of data science processes, you  can join the Data Science Course in Salem, which will help you have a better understanding of exploring Un-Supervised learning algorithms, reinforcement learning algorithms, Data Science with R: introduction to R Programming, R Programming Basics and functions in R.

3 Key Machine Learning Algorithms in Data Science

When you have a dataset, you can classify the problem into three types:

  • Regression
  • Classification
  • Clustering


Regression is employed when the output variable is in a continuous space. The Curve-Fitting Techniques are something you would have encountered in mathematics. Do the words “y=mx+c” come to mind? The same principles also underlie regression. Finding the equation of a curve that best fits the data points is more like finding the equation of regression; once you know the equation, you can forecast the output values by it.

Linear regression, perceptron, and neural networks are well-known regression algorithms.


Classification is employed when the output variables have discrete values. It is a classification challenge to determine which category your data belongs to. Classification algorithms examine historical data to forecast the Class or Category of incoming data. Classification more closely resembles finding curves that split the data points into several Categories.

Classification issues arise when an email is marked as spam. For instance, Gmail will examine any Email for the characteristics of spam and begin placing it into your spam folder if 80% or 90% of the characteristics match.

Some famous Classification Algorithms are Support Vector Machines, Neural Networks, Naive Bayes, Logistic Regression, and the K Nearest Neighbour.


A clustering challenge arises when you only wish to consistently group data elements with similar characteristics. The linked data points are gathered in the same Cluster based on various definitions of similarity.

The maximum practical difference between the locations in each Cluster is ideal. The Clustering Algorithms look for patterns in datasets without labels.Some notable Clustering Algorithms are K-Means Clustering and Agglomerative Clustering. 

This algorithm clusters client purchasing patterns. The Supervised Learning Model of Machine Learning includes Regression and Classification, while the Unsupervised Learning Model includes Clustering.

Join Artificial Intelligence Course in Chennai, which will help you understand Machine Learning Models, Machine Learning Algorithms, Supervised Learning Algorithms,  Un-Supervised Learning Algorithms and many more.

3 Machine Learning Use Cases in Data Science

As mentioned, machine learning has existed for years without your knowledge. Almost every industry, from entertainment to financial institutions, uses machine learning. Your daily use of life-improving apps like Google Maps, Microsoft Cortana, and Alexa is made possible by machine learning. Some of the most popular real-world uses for machine learning in data science are listed below:

Fraud Detection

To protect their clients, banks use machine learning for fraud detection. Based on specific parameters and transaction patterns, machine learning models are built to identify transactions that seem suspicious. Machine learning can ensure consumer security in private businesses and banks.

Speech Recognition

Ever wondered how Siri operates? Smartphone voice assistants also use machine learning to understand what you say and customize your response. Machine learning algorithms are trained on human languages and diverse accents to turn speech into words and create an intelligent response.

Online Recommendation Engines

Online recommendation engines use machine learning to give pertinent user recommendations. Customers of Amazon are frequently presented with Recommended Products, while users of YouTube receive individualized Video Recommendations, and Facebook is similarly presented with Friends’ Recommendations. Machine learning models are trained using information about customer behaviour, purchase history, browsing history, and other consumer behaviour.

Now that you have understood machine learning applications, machine learning process, data science algorithms, how to learn machine learning and the process of machine learning. So, if you want to become a data scientist, you can join a Data Science Course in Coimbatore and learn the Data Science Life Cycle, Dictionaries and Sets, Input and Output in Python, functions and Exceptions Handling.

© 2019

    Request a Callback